All posts by Ruslan Sudentas

About Ruslan Sudentas

Web Project manager. Read more on About page. Contact through Contact page.

SQL backup to SkyDrive

SkyDrive from Microsoft gives you 25GB of cloud space for free. Seems like a great place to keep you SQL Server database backups.

Here’s how to backup SQL Server databases to SkyDrive using SQLBackupAndFTP:

  • When you install SkyDrive, it creates a special folder. Everything that you put into this folder will be synced to the SkyDrive servers in the cloud.
  • Open SQLBackupAndFTP, select databases to backup, check “Store backups in a local/network folder” and set the folder to be that SkyDrive folder.

Note that there’s a big drawback – SkyDrive will sync only when you are logged in.

Currently Microsoft has given only Windows Phone and Windows 8 platform developers access to the full SkyDrive API – see this blog for details. Until MS opens up their API, we will not be able to add SkyDrive as a backup destination to our products, sorry.

SQL backup to Dropbox

Dropbox allows you to store 2GB for free – this should be enough space to store SQL Server backups for the majority of small clients. Free version of SQLBackupAndFTP now allows you  to backup SQL Server databases to Dropbox directly.

Here’s how it works:

  • Select the databases you want to backup
  • Click “Add backup Destination” and select Dropbox
  • Click Authorize button to allow SQLBackupAndFTP to save to your Dropbox account
  • Click Test or Run Now to verify that backups work correctly
  • The backups will be stored in Apps\mySQLBackupAndFTP folder in your Dropbox account
  • Now schedule your SQL backups and sleep well

Remote Desktop to Console/Admin Session on Windows Server 2003

When you Remote Desktop to a Windows XP Professional computer, you always connect to the console (main/default) session.  This is the default for Remote Desktop to Windows XP Professional.  When you remote desktop to a Windows Server 2003 computer, the default is to start a new session.

This is how you can connect to the default/console/admin session:
Create a .bat file like this:

%SystemRoot%\system32\mstsc.exe “You RDP file” /admin

For options just run
%SystemRoot%\system32\mstsc.exe /?

This post is a good reference

Sql Server: The backup set holds a backup of a database other than the existing (Restore failed)

There are few common tasks in SQL server that should work out of the box, but give errors that confuse less experiences developers. Like when you try to restore a backup from another server, you get:

Restore failed for Server ‘.\SQLEXPRESS’.  (Microsoft.SqlServer.SmoExtended)
System.Data.SqlClient.SqlError: The backup set holds a backup of a database other than the existing ‘SomeDb’ database. (Microsoft.SqlServer.Smo)

The solution could not be simpler: you should use WITH REPLACE option of RESTORE command, or in SQL Server Management studio select “Options” page and check “Overwrite the existing database (WITH REPLACE)”

SQL Server 2008 ldf file size

SQL Server is smart in selecting great default options for a new database. If you can afford to lose the changes between backups to keep maintenance simple (and in most of non-critical databases it is a reasonable compromise)  and you backup your database regularly using a tool like SQLBackupAndFTP, then the “Simple” recovery model (selected by default) is appropriate for you.  However if you ever had massive data operations, you may notice that the size of your transaction log (LDF) file is huge. The reason for it is that SQL server does not automatically shrinks the size of transaction log.

To keep log file under control, it may be tempting to enable Auto Shrink option. That would be a mistake – it is an evil option that should always be off. Shrink is a heavy procedure that should only be used rarely.

Instead just run this command to decrease the size of the data and log files to leave 10 percent free space (read more):
DBCC SHRINKDATABASE (YourDatabaseName, 10)

For more precise operation use DBCC SHRINKFILE or you can just do it in Management Studio

It is not over yet! Most often shrink will increase fragmentation of your indexes. To defragment indexes, you’ll need to use ALTER DATABASE – see this link

Creating a Self-Signed SSL Certificate without a mess of makecert.exe (using SSL Diagnostics Tool)

Introduction:

So you have a server and you need to implement SSL to allow secure (https) communication. What choices do you have? You can buy a certificate from certification authority or you can issue a Self-Signed certificate to yourself. The difference is that your browser “knows” it can trust the certificates from the authorities (it has it installed). But when the browser encounters the https connection with a server with the self-signed certificate, the user is presented with a message like this:

SSLDiagnostics_SecurityAlert

Thus, self-signed certificates are OK for test and development web sites, but generally not OK for public websites.

This article will show you the simplest ways to create a Self-Signed SSL Certificate.

Here are your options. (Or just go to the Best Solution )

Solution 1 (quite long, but recommended by Microsoft)

Setting Up SSL Using IIS and Certificate Server

MS recommends that you get the certificate from the certificate server. This means that you have to have an access to Window 2000 or Windows 2003 server with “Certification Services” installed. You use IIS MMC to generate request to this server. Then using browser you submit this request to the server. Then, when somebody at that server approves the request, you will get back a certificate.

See details at http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?kbid=299525

Solution 2 (fast, but sometimes could be tricky)

Creating Self-Signed SSL Certificates using makecert.exe

It is a quite simple solution. The only problem is that sometimes it just doesn’t work, and it’s hard to determine what is wrong. The makecert.exe comes with VS.NET. It you don’t have .NET Framework 1.1 installed, the makecert might be outdated. You can download a newer version from http://download.microsoft.com/download/platformsdk/Update/5.131.3617.0/NT45XP/EN-US/makecert.exe

Just replace yourservername with the computer name of your PC and run:

makecert -r -pe -n “CN=yourservername” -b 01/01/2000 -e 01/01/2050 -eku 1.3.6.1.5.5.7.3.1 -ss my -sr localMachine -sky exchange -sp “Microsoft RSA SChannel Cryptographic Provider” -sy 12

Then go to the IIS “Web Site Properties”, “Directory Security”, “Server Certificate…”, “Assign an existing certificate” and select the new certificate from the list.

It works? Fine! No? Go to the Best Solution

Solution 3 (OK for not-technical users)

Download a test certificate from certification authorities

The certificate companies like VeriSign and Thawte issue test certificates, but they expire after 90 days or so, and the process of getting it could be quite tedious.

Solution 4 (The Best and Recommended)

Create a Self-Signed Certificate using SSL Diagnostics Tool

Avoid all this pain with a nice tool from Microsoft: SSL Diagnostics . Download setup.exe (2112 KB) from here: http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=CABEA1D0-5A10-41BC-83D4-06C814265282&displaylang=en

Install it and run. In the main window of SSL Diagnostics, right-click the Web site level (shown by [W3SVC/<site number>]), and then click Create New Certificate.

SSLDiagnostics_SSLDiag

That is it. You are done. Don’t forget to explore other capabilities of this nice tool.

Writing to Event Log in ASP.NET application

Writing to Event Log is not simple, but very simple:

// Create an EventLog instance and assign its source.

EventLog
myLog = new EventLog();

myLog.Source
= "MySource";

 

// Write an informational entry to the event log.   

myLog.WriteEntry("Writing
to event log.");

EventLog is in System.Diagnostics namespase.

Before using the source of the EventLog, you have to create
it. But if you use the code like this:

//Create Event Log if It Doesn’t Exist

if (! EventLog.SourceExists("MySource"))

      EventLog.CreateEventSource("MySource",
"MySource");

you will get the error:

System.Security.SecurityException: Requested registry access
is not allowed.

Instead, go to registry editor (regedit), locate key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Eventlog\Application
and create a new key with the source name